14th World Healthcare, Hospital Management, Nursing, and Patient Safety Conference

Track 22: Mental Health

What Is Mental Wellness?

Our mental health includes all aspects of our physical, psychological, emotional, and social wellbeing. It influences our thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. Additionally, it influences how we make decisions, connect with others, and handle stress.

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If you have mental health issues, they may have an impact on your thinking, mood, and behavior over the course of your life. There are numerous elements that affect mental health issues, such as:

  • biological factors, such as DNA or brain chemistry; • a family history of mental illness
  • Experiences with trauma or abuse in life
  • a history of mental illness in the family

Despite the fact that there is help accessible, mental health problems are common. People with mental health problems can get better, and many of them recover completely.

Early Alert Symbols

Not sure whether you or a loved one is dealing with mental health issues? An early indicator of a problem could be one or more of the following feelings or actions:

  • Overeating or under eating Pulling back from people and routine activities
  • lacking or having no energy
  • feeling numb or as if nothing is important
  • experiencing undiagnosed aches and pains
  • sense of helplessness or despair
  • consuming alcohol, tobacco, or drugs more frequently than normal
  • Experiencing exceptional levels of confusion, forgetfulness, agitation, rage, sadness, anxiety, or fear
  • arguing or shouting at loved ones or friends
  • enduring extreme mood swings that complicate relationships
  • enduring persistent ideas and memories that you can’t shake
  • Hearing voices or accepting false information
  • Consideration of self- or other-harm
  • a lack of ability to carry out regular chores like caring for your children or travelling to work or school


The treatment of mental health issues can be done in many different ways. Being highly individualized, treatment may not always be effective for everyone.

Combining certain tactics or treatments can increase their efficacy. A person with a persistent mental illness may make diverse decisions throughout their life.

The patient has to engage closely with a physician who can assist them in determining their needs and offering appropriate therapy.

The treatment for mental health conditions varies depending on the specific diagnosis, the severity of symptoms, and individual factors. Mental health treatment often involves a combination of therapeutic interventions, medications, lifestyle modifications, and support from mental health professionals, friends, and family. Here are some common approaches to mental health treatment:

  1. Psychotherapy (Talk Therapy):
    • Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT): CBT helps individuals identify and change negative thought patterns and behaviors contributing to their mental health issues.
    • Psychodynamic Therapy: This approach explores unconscious thoughts and emotions to understand and address the root causes of mental health challenges.
    • Interpersonal Therapy (IPT): IPT focuses on improving interpersonal relationships and communication skills to alleviate symptoms.
  2. Medication:
    • Psychiatric medications, such as antidepressants, antianxiety medications, mood stabilizers, and antipsychotics, are prescribed by psychiatrists or other healthcare providers to manage symptoms.
    • Medication is often used in conjunction with psychotherapy for more comprehensive treatment.
  3. Hospitalization and Residential Treatment:
    • In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary to ensure the safety of individuals experiencing acute mental health crises.
    • Residential treatment programs provide structured, intensive care for individuals with complex mental health issues.
  4. Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT):
    • ECT may be recommended for severe cases of depression or other mental health disorders that have not responded to other treatments.
    • It involves controlled electric currents inducing a brief seizure to impact brain chemistry.
  5. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS):
    • TMS is a non-invasive procedure that uses magnetic fields to stimulate nerve cells in the brain. It is used primarily for treatment-resistant depression.
  6. Support Groups:
    • Joining support groups or peer-led organizations can provide individuals with a sense of community and understanding. Sharing experiences with others facing similar challenges can be therapeutic.
  7. Lifestyle Changes:
    • Adopting a healthy lifestyle can positively impact mental health. This includes regular exercise, a balanced diet, sufficient sleep, and avoiding substances like alcohol and drugs.
    • Stress management techniques, such as mindfulness and relaxation exercises, can also be beneficial.
  8. Mind-Body Interventions:
    • Practices like yoga, meditation, and tai chi can contribute to mental well-being by promoting relaxation, reducing stress, and improving self-awareness.
  9. Complementary and Alternative Therapies:
    • Some individuals find benefit from complementary approaches such as acupuncture, massage, or herbal supplements. However, these should be used in conjunction with evidence-based treatments.
  10. Case Management and Social Support:
    • Case management services can help individuals navigate the healthcare system, access resources, and coordinate various aspects of their treatment.
    • Strong social support from friends and family is crucial for many individuals

How to keep your mental health in check?

Self-care techniques can boost a person’s mental health by lowering their chance of getting sick, boosting their energy, and controlling their stress. To help someone start their self-care regimen, the NIMH provides numerous tips:

Exercise on a regular basis: Exercise for 45 minutes, three to five times per week, can greatly enhance mental health.

Maintain hydration and eat a balanced diet: Maintaining hydration and eating a good, balanced meal can help you feel energetic all day long.

Aim for high-quality sleep: A 2021 analysis of numerous studies discovered that higher increases in a person’s mental health were correlated with more notable improvements in sleep quality.

Engage in soothing activities: Breathing exercises, meditation, wellness apps, and journaling can all help you feel better and reduce stress.

Practice appreciation: By deliberately noting the things they are glad for each day, people can cultivate mindfulness and gratitude.

Challenge unhelpful thoughts: By becoming aware of negative thoughts and confronting them, a person can practise positivity.

Look for constructive social interactions: Making and keeping meaningful connections and relationships helps people feel less stressed and can be a source of support and useful assistance when they need it.

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Well-being and Mental Health:

People who are in strong mental health can:

  • realising all of their potential
  • Manage your stress and work productively
  • significantly improve their communities

Keeping a good outlook on one’s mental health involves:

  • obtaining expert assistance if necessary
  • establishing relationships
  • positive attitude
  • Engaging in physical activity Serving others
  • Getting sufficient rest
  • acquiring coping mechanisms

Mental health Association:

  • Anxiety & Depression Association of America (ADAA)
  • National Eating Disorders Association (NEDA)
  • American Psychiatric Association (APA)
  • American Psychological Association (APA)
  • Anxiety & Depression Association of America (ADAA)
  • Anxiety Disorders Association of America
  • National Association of County Behavioral Health and Developmental Disability Directors (NACBHD)
  • National Association of Mental Health Planning and Advisory Councils (NAMHPAC)
  • National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors (NASMHPD)
  • National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors (NASMHPD)
  • National Council for Community Behavioral Healthcare

Mental Health Universities

  • National Institute of Alcoholism & Alcohol Abuse (NIAAA)
  • National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
  • Child Mind Institute
  • National Institute of Mental Health: Older Adults
  • College of Southern Nevada
  • University of West Alabama
  • University of Nebraska at Kearney.
  • Keiser University
  • Marywood University
  • Illinois Valley Community College

Mental health organizations  

  • Central Institute of Psychiatry Ranchi
  • National Academy of Psychology
  • National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences
  • Indian Association of Clinical Psychology
  • Bring Change to Mind (BC2M)
  • Mental Health America (MHA)
  • National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI)
  • Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)