Patient education is the process of influencing patient behavior and bringing about the changes in knowledge, attitudes, and skills required to maintain or improve health. The Latin origin of the word doctor, “decree,” means “to teach,” and all physicians are responsible for the education of patients, their families, and communities. Family physicians are uniquely qualified to take the lead in patient education. Family physicians develop long-term, trusting relationships with their patients, providing opportunities to encourage and reinforce healthy behaviour changes. Patient education is thus an essential component of family physician residency training. Patient education is critical because it is clear that the leading causes of death in the United States (heart disease, cancer, stroke, lung disease, and injuries) are all linked to poor lifestyle choices. There is also compelling evidence that counselling and patient education are beneficial. Giving patients complete and up-to-date information fosters trust, strengthens the doctor-patient relationship, and empowers patients to participate in their own health care. Effective patient education also ensures that patients have enough information and understanding to make informed healthcare decisions.
The resident should develop attitudes that:
- Recognize patient education as critical to the practice of family medicine and an essential component of every patient encounter.
- Recognize the importance of educational interventions in disease treatment and health maintenance.
- Recognize the physician’s responsibility to educate the patient and family.
- In issues involving informed consent, emphasize the importance of educating the patient and/or responsible parties.
- Recognize the significance of assessing a patient’s educational needs, readiness to learn, and information comprehension.
- Recognize that cultural differences influence health beliefs and that patient education must account for these differences.
- Take advantage of the opportunity to use “teachable moments” in a patient-physician encounter.
- Recognize the importance of involving the patient in decision-making.
- Recognize the value of a long-term, trusting doctor-patient relationship in influencing behavior change.
- Promote the physician’s role in influencing community health by participating in community education projects.
- Basic skills
Determine the patient’s educational requirements.
- Collect data on the patient’s daily activities, knowledge, health beliefs, and level of comprehension.
- Education should be tailored to the patient’s educational level and cultural background.
- Inform the patient of the findings in a clear and concise manner.
- Treatment plans should be discussed in terms of specific behaviors.
- Encourage questions and respond appropriately.
- Use suitable written, audio-visual, and computer-based materials.
To set an example for residents, each family practice residency program should ensure that faculty and Patient education is a crucial component of every patient interaction for preceptors who give direct patient care. Faculty should demonstrate their dedication to patient education by incorporating patient education issues into direct resident teaching and presenting. Ongoing discussions of individual cases during rounds and presenting should include questions about educational issues.
There will be a chance for you to present at the 13th World Nursing, Healthcare Management, and Patient Safety Conference, which is CME/CPD/CE accredited, from November 15–18, 2022, in Los Angeles, USA. Trending keynote, poster, speaker session, and workshop presentations will be part of the event.
Submit here: https://nursing.universeconferences.com/submit-abstract/
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